How to Deal with Anxiety – 9 Effective Strategies That Will Help You

Don't let anxiety disorders control your life. Learn how to deal with anxiety by using 9 effective strategies that will help you.

Individuals living with severe anxiety do not have to let their anxiety disorders control their lives or live in fear of triggers and panic attacks. They can learn how to deal with anxiety and break free by working with a doctor and/or therapist and practicing at-home strategies for stress management. Talk with your healthcare professional about medical treatment for anxiety and steps to improve your everyday life.

How to Deal with Anxiety: Professional Treatment and Do It Yourself Coping Strategies.

Professional Treatment

Patients suffering from anxiety disorders usually find the most success with a combination of medication and psychotherapy (talk therapy or cognitive behavior therapy).

DIY Strategies for Coping

  • Recognize Triggers – Learn to recognize anxiety triggers. Know what happens when you have an anxiety attack or if you are suffering from an anxiety disorder.  Then, you can avoid them or at least better control how you encounter them.
  • Practice – Safely expose yourself to triggers repeatedly, until they no longer have the same effect. Afraid of elevators? Ride one, up and down, until you focus on doing something else, rather than your fear of the elevator.
  • Balanced Diet – Eat a healthy diet of fresh fruits and vegetables, whole grains and lean protein to minimize inflammation and maximize nutrition. Fueling your body with unhealthy fats, processed carbohydrates, sugar and chemicals is like trying to run a car on maple syrup; it fills the tank, but it won’t make the wheels turn.
  • Exercise – Breaking a sweat at the gym, on the trail or in a swimming pool triggers the release of feel-good hormones, inducing happiness, confidence and balancing mood (not to mention exercise’s countless other health benefits).
  • Meditation – Practice mindfulness meditation to train your brain to use its powers for good, rather than anxiety.
  • Regular Sleep – Getting regular good quality sleep will regulate your body’s natural cycles, metabolism, hormones, and mood. Practice impeccable sleep hygiene with a routine bedtime and wake up time. Even on the weekends, try not to vary your sleep cycle more than about thirty minutes.
  • Limit Alcohol and Caffeine – A depressive and stimulant, respectively, alcohol and caffeine disrupt your body’s natural chemistry. Avoid drinking excessive amounts of either. Limit yourself to one or two cups of coffee in the morning and drink alcohol sparingly (if at all).
  • Breathing/Counting Exercises – Learn to calm yourself during moments of stress. Breath deeply through your nose and exhale slowly through pursed lips while counting backward from ten. Repeat until you sense your anxiety receding.
  • Support a Good Cause – Devoting time to a cause you care about will release positive feelings and also help you regain a sense of control. Seeing the major impact of small deeds will empower you to continue making a positive difference in the world.

Settle into a Routine for Successful Anxiety Management

When it comes to managing an anxiety disorder, balance and routine are essential. If you cultivate a healthy lifestyle, listen to your health care team, take medications as prescribed, and cultivate best practices on how to take your anxiety medication, you will be less likely to experience heightened anxiety. Instead, you will learn how to deal with anxiety or feelings of being overwhelmed or panic attacks when life does throw you the occasional curve ball.

When working with a doctor, therapist or both to manage anxiety, you should always talk with your healthcare providers before making any changes to your medications, diet or lifestyle.

Hypothyroidism: How To Best Take Thyroid Medication

Avoid these mistakes to make thyroid medication work best for you. We also list 5 best practices for how to take thyroid medication. When starting hypothyroid treatment, your doctor should talk with you about how to take thyroid medication. Sticking with the following dos and don’ts will put you on the fast track to feeling better.

How to Take Thyroid Medication: 5 Best Practices

1. Double Check the Pharmacist

Although pharmacies must adhere to high standards, pharmacists still sometimes make mistakes. Thyroid medications work with precision; even the slightest changes or inconsistencies will impact your treatment. When you receive your prescription, make sure you receive the correct:
  • Brand and type of medication (even seemingly insignificant differences between a generic and name brand will affect your treatment)
  • Number of pills and dosage
You should also make sure the pills you receive will not expire before they have been taken.

2. Ask about Drug Interactions

Several hundreds of prescription drugs, over the counter medications, vitamins and supplements react with thyroid medications. Bring a detailed list of everything you take with you to your doctor appointment and to the pharmacy to be certain you are not taking other medications or supplements which will affect your thyroid treatment plan or which will be unsafe to take in conjunction with thyroid medication.

3. Store Medications Properly

Medications should be stored in a dry, relatively cool location. Exposure to heat and moisture breaks down the active ingredients in your medications, making them less effective. In other words, the medicine cabinet in your bathroom is not a suitable storage location for your thyroid medication.

4. Stick with Your Medication Schedule

Keeping the levels of medication and thyroid stimulating hormone in your body as consistent as possible is paramount to effective treatment. Most doctors recommend taking medications first thing in the morning for the best absorption. Others recommend taking pills before bed at night. For the best treatment outcome, be sure to remember to take your medication every single day and try to take it at about the same time each day, too.

5. Take Medications on an Empty Stomach

Your body will better absorb thyroid medication when taken on an empty stomach. After taking your medication, wait at least an hour before eating or drinking anything, other than water. If taking medications at bedtime, wait for at least three to four hours after your last meal before taking your pill.

Avoid These 4 Mistakes When Taking Thyroid Medication

1. Starting or Stopping Other Medications without Asking Your Doctor

Consistency is the key to effective hypothyroid treatment. It is advisable to use a solution to track and – if needed – remind of pills. Always ask your doctor before starting or stopping any medication or supplement.

2. Consuming Inconsistent Amounts of Fiber

Fiber intake affects the body’s ability to absorb thyroid medication. Sudden changes in the amount of fiber in your diet can adversely affect hypothyroid treatment.

3. Taking Medication with Coffee, Calcium, Iron and/or Iodine

All of these substances block the body’s ability to absorb thyroid medication. While it’s obvious to avoid supplements and foods containing these ingredients, also be wary of foods fortified with calcium and iron and calcium-rich antacid tablets.

4. Changing Brands without Your Doctor’s Consent

Sometimes insurance companies pay more on generic prescriptions, but there is actually a big difference between different brands of thyroid medication. Always speak with your doctor before switching medication brands and take all thyroid medications exactly as prescribed.

When taking thyroid medication, what do you think is the biggest challenge?

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First Time Starting The Birth Control Pill? Here’s What To Expect

If you wish to enjoy your sex life without having the trouble to worry about getting pregnant, then opting for birth control pills is the most common solution undertaken by most women. There are some things to expect if you are just starting birth control pills.

But first, how can you be sure that the pill is right for you? Are you REALLY ready to take the pill? Take our quick 1-minute test to find out.

Is birth control pill REALLY for you?


Have you consulted with your doctor?

Are you ...

Do you have a plan B if the pill fails?

Are you aware that the pill can't protect you from STDs?

Is birth control pill REALLY for you?
The pill is your best friend

Congratulations, the pill is made for you! Continue reading to know what to expect on the first day. // Birth control pills are up to 99% effective ONLY with correct and consistent use. Discover more on our blog: What makes the pill fails, How to remember taking daily, The side effects, and much more!
Take it with caution

The pill may be for you, but there are things you might not be aware of. Birth control pills are up to 99% effective ONLY with correct and consistent use. It can't prevent against STDs (sexually transmitted diseases), and can't be used by some people with severe health problems. If you haven't already, please consult with your doctor before using. // Discover more on our blog: What makes the pill fails, How to remember taking daily, The side effects, and much more!
Maybe not

Taking the pill safely may be more complex than you think. Birth control pills are up to 99% effective ONLY with correct and consistent use. It can't prevent against STDs (sexually transmitted diseases), and can't be used by some people with severe health problems. If you haven't already, please consult with your doctor before using. // Discover more on our blog: What makes the pill fails, How to remember taking daily, The side effects, and much more!

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These pills are known to increase the amount of estrogen and progesterone so the process of ovulation doesn’t take place. The quantity of these two hormones is heightened so much by these contraceptives that they do not allow the production of other hormones that are required to ripen the egg. Hence, during the time that you take these pills, the menstruation cycle doesn’t occur at all.

It is true that none provide immediate protection against pregnancy from day one.

All modern pills have the same very good safety profile, but it is true that none provide immediate protection against pregnancy from day one. It is ideal to use additional protection for the first 14 days and then you will be safe after this.

Pregnancy risk is 9% if pills are forgotten every now and then.

It is, however, essential to bear in mind that occasional forgetfulness will cause the pill’s contraceptive efficiency to be much lower. Research highlights a pregnancy risk of 9% if pills are forgotten every now and then (vs. a perfect use risk of 0.3%). That is a 30x increase! The fact is that 1 in 10 gets pregnant while on the pill (read more about how to make sure pills work as intended). If you are on the so-called mini pill (progesterone only pill, POP), it is even more important to be on time.

The first three months of using birth control pills can be difficult. It often takes time for your body to adjust, and most women experience at least a few negative (minor) symptoms. Mostly during the first month adjustment bleeding is common. With change bleeding, it is common to see some unexpected spotting even if you aren’t technically on your period. Alternatively, the opposite can occur – some women will stop menstruating altogether. Finally, many may also experience nausea, breast tenderness, weight gain or loss, mild headaches, dizziness, or breakthrough bleeding (spotting) and turbulent emotions during their first few days on the pills.

It often takes time for your body to adjust, and most women experience at least a few negative (minor) symptoms.

Those symptoms normally stop within the first 3 months of taking pills. If these signs continue after three months, return to your clinic or doctor for a follow-up. You may be given instructions to switch to a different type of pill.

You may also need to stick it out for a few months to understand how your body will react to the pill. Of course, if you are experiencing symptoms like extreme and overwhelming nausea or severe weight gain within a few days of taking first pills, contact your doctor.

In general, however, by the third month, emotional fluctuations should be relatively unsubstantial and nausea should no longer be a part of daily living. Breast tenderness should also disappear although you may experience increased breast fullness (it’s apparently rare).

Another thing to take into consideration is that certain medications and supplements can make the pill less effective (read more about what can make birth control pills fail).

Whether you’re just getting started on the pill, or you’ve been taking them for a while, it’s a good idea to fill your doctor in whenever you add something new to your routine. When in doubt, use a backup method of birth control (and even when not in doubt, the pill doesn’t protect you against STDs). And there’s no way to be delicate about this fact: vomiting and diarrhea can also keep the pill from working. So, you know, use a condom.

If you’ve already started taking pills and have been mysteriously symptomless? That’s perfectly okay too! You’re simply one of the lucky ones out there. No need to worry but keep in touch with your doctor.

Did you know that risk of pregnancy with typical birth control pill use is 9%, and that only perfect use gives near 100% efficiency?

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(In a clinical pilot – DOI: 10.15761/COGRM.1000217, conducted by a team of doctor’s including Henna Kärkkäinen, MD, Ph.D., Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Heikki Matero Ph.M, Janne Sahlman MD, Ph.D. at the Kuopio University Hospital, it was concluded that an on-demand reminder system increases adherence of birth control pill users. More details regarding this study can be found here. )

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Birth Control Pills: 6 Common Side Effects

Birth control pills are highly effective when taken according to prescription. However, like any medication, birth control pills too come with possible side effects. Knowing the birth control pills side effects will help diagnose any problems that may occur after taking the pill.

What then are birth control pill side effects? Here are a few common adverse reactions that women on pills or considering taking the pills should be aware of. Please note that you should consult your doctor if any of the side effects are prolonged or severe.

1 Nausea

Nausea is one of the most common birth control pill side effects. It occurs occasionally with the intake of the pill. To avoid nausea, the pill can be taken after eating dinner or before bedtime. The symptoms usually subside after 2-3 months.

2. Depression

Birth control pills contain synthetic hormones which can have a direct effect on neurotransmitters and may cause an imbalance. This may lead to depression. However, there are several factors that can cause depression and therefore it is important to determine the real cause before passing it off as a side effect of the pill! Read our comprehensive article on do birth control pills cause depression.

3. Sore or Enlarged Breasts

The pill contains a high dose of estrogen which is a hormone that is most associated with bloating. This may cause your breasts to appear enlarged. Some women even experience breast soreness and tenderness after consuming the pill. However, these are mild hormone changes caused by intake of estrogen and should not lead to any serious health concerns.

I would worry less about the side effects if

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4. Acne

There are several types of birth control pills with a combination of synthetic hormones. Some pills lower the androgen levels and are known to actually decrease the chances of severe acne. At the same time there are pills that contain progestin, which is androgen-based. These pills are known to trigger acne and breakouts on the skin.

5. Headache

While headaches can occur due to stress and lack of sleep among other factors, the pill can have an effect on headache too. Although it cannot cause the headache, having the pill can make headaches worse in some cases. Women who suffer from sinus and migraines must consult their doctor before taking the pill.

6. Irregular Menstrual Cycles

Women may experience spotting or light bleeding in the first few weeks of taking the pill. Birth control pill side effects may even include heavier bleeding for some women, in which case a doctor must be consulted with. For smokers it may be helpful as a first measure to avoid smoking or quit altogether. In general smoking can possibly also reduce the effectiveness of birth control pills.

What about birth control pills and weight gain? While many women swear they’ve gained weight because of the pill, research does not fully support this view. We’ve written more about do birth control pills make you fat.

Birth control pills can even have other side -effects like yeast infection, blood clots, and infertility in some very extreme cases. It is important to note that any peculiar health issues must be reported to a health professional immediately to avoid any future concerns.

But it’s not all gloomy. Besides from the obvious use to prevent unwanted pregnancy, birth control pills have been discovered to also provide positive side effects. These include easing PMS mood swings, less painful periods, less menstrual migraines and protection against some cancer types (endometrial and ovarian cancer).

Related articles

Forgetting birth control pills is the most common reason why protection fails. What should you do if you miss a pill? What are the effects?


Pill reminders – Can they help you take your pills on time?

Forgot your pills again? Can pill reminders help? Learn about the different types of pill reminders and which is the most effective one. Pill reminder and pill-tracking app is the new mantra used by researchers to improve medication adherence in patients.   A 2016 poll conducted by Popit Research Labs showed that around 40% of voters relied on their memory to track their pill usage while almost 60% used some form of external pill reminder. Also, multiple studies are suggesting the rise in medication non-adherence due to forgetfulness. There is clearly a need for an external source to keep track of one’s medication usage.
Forgot your pills again? Can pill reminders help? Learn about the different types of pill reminders and which is the most effective one.

Popit Research Labs, 2016

Do pill reminders work?

With the rise in pill reminder solutions, the first question that pops into your mind is – Do pill reminders actually help? Can they help you take your medications on time?  According to a randomized clinical trial done in 2018, to check the impact of medication reminder apps to improve medication adherence in a Coronary Heart Disease study, adherence improvement for app users seemed to be ~7.2%. It was concluded that patients who used medication reminder apps had better medication adherence compared to those with usual care. A study by Cochrane on interventions for medication adherence in the elderly concluded that behavioral and educational interventions along with the aid of simple strategies such as using pill reminders may lead to greater satisfaction in medication management in the elderly. In a poll conducted by Popit, almost 50% of the users confirmed they have some kind of reminders for pills and they find these useful in tracking their pills for birth control. In a clinical pilot together with a leading university hospital, their pill reminder solution was able to reduce missed pills by over 80% and help build a solid routine around pill-taking.
Forgot your pills again? Can pill reminders help? Learn about the different types of pill reminders and which is the most effective one.

Popit Research Labs, 2016

Which is the most effective pill reminder?

With the internet being flooded with various pill reminders apps and medication trackers, how do you know if these are effective or not?  Does it really make sense to invest in one? If yes, then which one? Pill dispensers are cheap, but using a pill dispenser is more or less relying on your memory. On the other hand, smartphone alarms are free, but most people end up ignoring these alarms as constant notifications can get annoying after a while. smart sensing device could be another option that you can rely on. This is the world’s first and only tracker for a pill blister that comes with built-in sensors. It can sense when you pop a pill off the blister and notifies you only when you miss a pill. Which means, if you take the pill, you don’t get the daily annoying reminders. Also, there is no manual input needed to keep a track of your pill usage.  We compiled a comparison chart so you can evaluate which solution is best for you.
Forgot your pills again? Can pill reminders help? Learn about the different types of pill reminders and which is the most effective one.

Pill Reminders

How do pill reminders help?

Medication cannot work as intended if it is not taken as prescribed. Consistency and taking pills according to guidance play a key role in any treatment. Some of the cases where pill reminders have proven to be beneficial include:

1. Avoiding unwanted pregnancy 

Forgot your pills again? Can pill reminders help? Learn about the different types of pill reminders and which is the most effective one. The risk of pregnancy with a typical birth control pill use is 9% and the pill is 99% efficient only when used perfectly. By perfect use, it means you have to take the pill every day without fail. You must also take it at the same time day after day. In a recent survey conducted by Popit, more than 1 in 12 women on the pill may have experienced an unintended pregnancy due to missing a pill.

2. Medication adherence in chronic health conditions

Medication non-adherence in chronic health conditions is a recognized public health problem. According to a study conducted by NCBI on unintentional non-adherence of prescribed medication, more than 60% of the test group forgot to take their pills on time.

3. Improved parental or caregiver medication adherence 

To keep a track of someone’s medication is more challenging than managing one’s own treatment. You can easily manage this when you have an app that can notify you whenever they miss their pills.

So, do you need one?

Forgot your pills again? Can pill reminders help? Learn about the different types of pill reminders and which is the most effective one.

Evolution of pill reminders

From the humble reminders such as markings on a calendar to smart sensing devices, pill reminders have evolved over the years. This also confirms the need for an external source to track pill usage apart from relying on one’s memory. Multiple studies are also supporting this claim saying it could be one of the ways to improve adherence in patients. Pill reminder solutions are usually a one time purchase and cost less than a good pair of sneakers. They are the most reliable alternative to ensuring you take your medicines on time and stay on track. These can also be a thoughtful gift for your loved ones. For, after all, there is no greater gift that you can give or receive than to stay healthy or investing in the good health of your loved ones.  (In a clinical pilot – DOI: 10.15761/COGRM.1000217, conducted by a team of doctor’s including Henna Kärkkäinen, MD, Ph.D., Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Heikki Matero Ph.M, Janne Sahlman MD, Ph.D. at the Kuopio University Hospital, it was concluded that an on-demand reminder system increases adherence of birth control pill users. More details regarding this study can be found here. )

9 Things Thаt Саn Mаkе Birth Соntrоl Pills Fail

Amоng all the mаnу forms оf соntrасерtіvеs available today, the birth соntrоl ріll is one of the most predominant but many things can make birth control pills effectiveness to fail. Birth соntrоl, оffісіаllу knоwn as thе combined oral contraceptive ріll, wоrkѕ by rеgulаtіng hormones іn thе uѕеr, рrеvеntіng оvulаtіоn аnd thеrеbу аvоіdіng соnсерtіоn.

The Pіll іѕ nоt mаgіс, so if іt’ѕ not taken аѕ directed, it’s nоt gоіng to dо its job wеll. Many things can interfere with thе Pill’s level оf effectiveness, causing it to fail оr lеаd tо unрlаnnеd рrеgnаnсу. The following list provides some of the most common causes for why birth control pills fail.

1. Forgetting can make birth control pills fail

Forgetting is the most common reason why birth control pills fail. The Pill in perfect use can be almost 100% effective. However, when life gets in the way and you miss an occasional pill, the efficiency drops by 9% to about 91%.

The fact is that 1 in 10 women experience an unintended pregnancy every year due to forgetting the Pill (read more about how to make sure pills work as intended). In fact, our study in the US with 500 women yielded similar results.

2. Bаd Timing

Timing mаttеrѕ! Aim to tаkе your ріll аrоund thе same time dаіlу because thіѕ helps thе hоrmоnеѕ tо hаvе thе mоѕt соnѕіѕtеnt effect оn your body аnd cycle.

Tаkіng thе ріll within a fеw hours of the same tіmе еасh dау will provide the best protection. This applies especially to the minipill, which contains only one hormone, progestin. For this reason, it is also known as a progestin-only pill, or POP. The minipill should be taken within a 3-hour window every day.

3. Inflammatory bоwеl dіѕеаѕе or оthеr dіgеѕtіvе disorders

Bowel соndіtіоnѕ lіkе Crohn’s dіѕеаѕе and IBD mау prevent thе bоdу frоm аbѕоrbіng аnу oral medication соrrесtlу, іnсludіng the Pіll. Anуthіng thаt interferes wіth thе body’s ability to absorb thе hоrmоnеѕ or іnсrеаѕеѕ the rate аt which thеу metabolize, can dесrеаѕе thе effectiveness of birth соntrоl ріllѕ. Chrоnіс diarrhea can аlѕо impede absorption. In fасt, іf уоu’vе hаd ѕеrіоuѕ dіаrrhеа оr vomiting for two оr mоrе days, уоu ѕhоuld act as thоugh you’ve mіѕѕеd a pill. It is also advisable for women wіth сhrоnіс bоwеl іѕѕuеѕ to сhооѕе a nоn-оrаl method of contraception.


4. Stоrаgе Tеmреrаturе Changes

Stоrіng bіrth control ріllѕ іn a bag that can overheat іn thе car оr іn уоur bаthrооm can mаkе thе pills іnасtіvе. Stоrе your bіrth соntrоl ріllѕ іn a сооl place, іdеаllу undеr 75F/25C to maintain high product quality.

5. Mеdісаtіоns

Certain mеdісаtіоnѕ hаvе аlѕо bееn fоund to have an impact оn thе effectiveness оf ѕоmе соntrасерtіvеѕ. Before prescribing new birth control pills your doctor will ask about whether you are currently on any medication. This is not because he would be nosy, but because some medications just don’t work well together.

Antіdерrеѕѕаntѕ ѕuсh аѕ Prоzас (also known as Sarafem, Rapiflux & many more) and Zoloft, аѕ well аѕ dіаbеtіс mеdісаtіоnѕ like Avandia have bееn lіѕtеd аmоng thоѕе that limit thе еffесtіvеnеѕѕ of mоѕt contraceptives.

If уоu’rе tаkіng anti-HIV mеdісаtіоn, the effectiveness of hоrmоnаl birth control pills mау be compromised. At least the following HIV treatments may interfere with the Pill:

  • Lopinavir/ritonavir (trade name Kaletra)
  • Nevirapine (Viramune)
  • Darunavir (Prezista)
  • Efavirenz (Sustiva)

Also, some anti-fungal medications may have issues with birth control pills and vice versa. According to some researchers, the risk is low, but best to still watch out for at least medications containing griseofulvin and ketoconazole.

With anti-seizure meds, it’s a one-way street. They increase the breakdown of hormones in the pills (possibly making them less effective), but the birth control pills do not have an impact on the seizure medication. Look out for at least these substances when if you are on the Pill.

  • Carbamazepine (trade names e.g. Carbatrol, Epitol)
  • Phenobarbital (Luminal)
  • Oxcarbazepine (Trileptal)
  • Felbamate (Felbatol)

Sleep treatment medication, more specifically drugs containing modafinil (like Provigil). If your doctor prescribes you with this drug, it may be advisable to seek an alternative contraceptive method for the duration of the treatment and also sometime after it.

For all of the above, do check with your doctor if you are unsure of the compatibility of your current oral contraceptives and any new medication you are about to take. Any time you start or stop a medication you should also have your pharmacist run a drug interaction screen.


If I forget to take a pill, I will…

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6. Antibiotics

Should you use a backup contraceptive method while taking antibiotics? At least the latest research points to a negative correlation between antibiotics and birth control pill efficiency, meaning that antibiotics do not reduce the Pill’s efficiency.

There is one important exception: anti-tuberculosis drug rifampin. Rifampin lowers birth control pill effectiveness by decreasing the hormone levels in women who are on the Pill. If you need to undergo rifampin treatment, use of diaphragm, copper IUD or condom is recommended.

7. Fооdѕ

Some hormone-affecting fооdѕ prevent оrаl contraceptives from functioning рrореrlу and can make birth control pills fail. Sеvеrаl соmmоn foods, іnсludіng lісоrісе, уаm, soy, and dаіrу products, саn іmраіr thе еffесtіvеnеѕѕ of оrаl contraceptives. But whеn уоu eat nоrmаl аnd mоdеrаtе amounts оf fооdѕ, thеу аrе unlіkеlу to іntеrасt wіth рrеѕсrірtіоn birth control ріllѕ. Like with many other things in life, moderation is key.

8. Cіgаrеttеѕ

Whеn уоu соmbіnе thе еffесtѕ оf nісоtіnе wіth those of birth control pills, уоu have аn іnсrеаѕеd сhаnсе оf ѕtrоkе and hеаrt аttасk. Thаt’ѕ bесаuѕе nісоtіnе саuѕеѕ the blood рrеѕѕurе to rіѕе and hеаrt rаtе tо ассеlеrаtе. Thе ріll adds mоrе ѕtrеѕѕ tо the blооd vеѕѕеlѕ because of the еxtrа еѕtrоgеn.

Smоkіng, while taking bіrth соntrоl ріllѕ, саn increase уоur risk оf a hеаrt attack аnd іt can also lead to соntrасерtіvе ріll failure. Latest generation birth control pills have however been shown to possibly be safer for smokers.

9. Herbal Remedies Or Supplements

Many herbal remedies or supplements are surprisingly strong and may have unexpected consequences. These are some of the herbal remedies that can cause birth control pills to have a reduced effect:

  • St. John’s wort – Taken for sleep disorders and depression.
  • Garlic pills – For CVD, high cholesterol and to boost the immune system
  • Alfalfa – For prostate, kidney, bladder problems
  • Flaxseed – For constipation and IBS
  • Saw palmetto – For hair loss
  • Soy isoflavones – For menopause and stronger bones

Luсkіlу, nоt аll factors thаt affect bіrth соntrоl ріllѕ rеndеr іt tоtаllу ineffective, but іt’ѕ good tо know which things can make birth control pills fail.

(A clinical pilot – DOI: 10.15761/COGRM.1000217, was conducted by a team of doctor’s including Henna Kärkkäinen, MD, Ph.D, Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Heikki Matero Ph.M, Janne Sahlman MD, Ph.D at the Kuopio University Hospital.  The study concludes that an on-demand reminder system increases adherence of birth control pill users. More details regarding this study can be found here. )

Related articles

Forgetting birth control pills is the most common reason why protection fails. What should you do if you miss a pill? What are the effects?







ADHD Medication: 7 Things to Keep in Mind Before Starting

ADHD medication: Before starting there are a few things you should consider and discuss with your doctor or your child's doctor.

Deciding to start treatment for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a big choice. Following a thorough ADHD diagnosis from your medical professional, treatment is likely the right choice. Most ADHD treatment plans include a combination of counseling, behavioral therapy, support (at home and school or work) and, of course, medication. Before starting ADHD medication, there are a few things you should consider and discuss with your doctor or your child’s doctor.

7 Considerations Before Starting ADHD Medication

1. Keep a Daily Health Journal

Before beginning ADHD medication, you should record a baseline of either your health or your child’s behavior. You will want a reference for comparing and assessing your post-treatment state. Make note of behavior, sleep patterns, energy, appetite and mood. Continue the journal after starting ADHD medication, so you can use the recorded progress as a discussion and treatment adjustment tool with your doctor.

2. Discuss Current Medications

Be sure to give your doctor a complete list of the medications (prescription and over the counter) you or your child takes. You should also notify them of any vitamins or supplements, to be sure you will avoid any undesirable interactions with the ADHD medication.

3. Ask about Other Potential Interactions

Medications not only interact with other pills, they can also be affected by the things you eat and drink. Talk with your doctor about whether or not you will need to make any adjustments to your diet or alcohol intake while taking medication for ADHD.

4. Find out about Potential Side Effects and What You Can Do to Minimize Them

Depending whether you or your child is prescribed a stimulant or non-stimulant medication, you or your child might experience certain side effects, such as:

  • sleep problems
  • fatigue
  • drowsiness
  • dizziness
  • appetite loss
  • weight loss
  • increased blood pressure
  • nausea and stomach ache
  • headache
  • moodiness, irritability and/or mood swings
  • nervousness
  • tics (rarely)
  • personality changes (rarely)

Keep close tabs on any side effects that you or your child experiences after starting ADHD medication and notify your doctor right away. You can also talk with your doctor about steps you can take to mitigate side effects, such as taking ADHD medication at a particular time of day or with meals.

5. Talk about Your Expectations for Treatment

Ask your doctor how soon you should expect to see results from the medication. While stimulants can take affect within the first hour, non-stimulants sometimes work more slowly.

6. Be Patient with Dose Adjustments

Doctors typically start patients on the lowest possible dose of medication and then make adjustments based on behavioral changes and side effects. It can take several weeks or even months before you or your child is on the right dose of the right medication. Stay in contact with your doctor throughout this initial adjustment period.

7. Follow Your Doctor’s Instructions

When starting ADHD medication, it is important to take the medication exactly as instructed. In order to achieve the best results from treatment and most effectively regulate behavior, you should also be careful to take your ADHD medication at the exact same time each day.

Check Adult ADHD signs and symptoms.

ADHD Treatment, More Than Medication

With a complete ADHD treatment plan, including medication, education and counseling, you or your child (ADHD in children) can effectively correct the symptoms of ADHD.


  1. Edgar, J. (2014, May 30). Treating Adult ADHD. Retrieved October 18, 2018, from
  2. Low, K. (2018, October 14). 7 Tips for Preparing Yourself to Take ADHD Medication. Retrieved October 18, 2018, from
  3. Sinfield, J., & Gans, S. (2018, October 15). How Long It Takes for ADHD Medication to Work May Depend on the Person. Retrieved October 18, 2018, from
  4. The Understood Team. (n.d.). ADHD Medication Side Effects. Retrieved October 18, 2018, from

ADHD Treatment and What Happens If You Don’t do that?

ADHD requires medical treatment, and when parents or individuals don't treat it, they can experience serious consequences.

In spite of scientific studies of the condition, many people unfortunately still regard Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) as a simple behavioral problem that can be fixed with rigorous discipline. However, it is a real neurodevelopmental condition which affects the functionality of the brain and nervous system in children and adults. ADHD causes inattentiveness, hyperactivity and impulsivity, which can be seriously detrimental to a child or adult’s ability to participate in school, work, relationships and at home. ADHD requires medical treatment, and when parents or individuals don’t treat ADHD, the choice can have serious consequences.

This Is What Happens When You Ignore ADHD Symptoms in Children and Adults

Children with Untreated ADHD

Each day, children build the foundations on which they will live their entire lives. They learn discipline, how to interact socially, how to make choices and they learn the basic math and reading skills on which their continuing educations depend. With ADHD, children often experience difficulties at home and school. They often fall behind and earn poor grades because they do not learn or remember everything they are taught. They have trouble controlling their emotions, which can lead to socially unacceptable outbursts, making it difficult for them to keep friends. Children with ADHD are also more likely to suffer from depression and poor self-esteem, which makes it difficult for them to cope with these challenges.

As teenagers, the issues compound. School work demands increase and consequences of social choices (regarding dating, drinking, drug use and even driving) become more severe. Forty-eight percent of teens with ADHD cause or have an unwanted pregnancy, compared to 4% of teens without ADHD. Children and teenagers with ADHD also experience more injuries, with more visits to the emergency room than children without ADHD.

Adults with Untreated ADHD

Adults who don’t treat ADHD also face serious consequences. Having trouble with punctuality, meeting deadlines, staying organized, interacting with co-workers and gracefully accepting criticism, adults with ADHD often find it difficult to keep a job. They can be overly emotional and have a difficult time listening, leading them to have problems with relationships and higher divorce rates. They are also more likely to have issues with addiction and substance abuse, car accidents and legal trouble.

Effective ADHD Treatment in Adults and Children

Most adults and children diagnosed with ADHD receive a variety of treatments and therapies to combat the symptoms of ADHD and to help them learn how to interact well with others, meet expectations at work or in school and to better communicate with their friends and family members to foster healthier personal relationships.

ADHD treatment usually includes stimulant or non-stimulant medications (which should be taken exactly as directed by the patient’s doctor), counseling, cognitive behavioral therapy, stress and anxiety management techniques and life coaching to help individuals with ADHD overcome organizational challenges which can hinder their ability to set life goals and successfully navigate each day.

With thorough, consistent treatment and counseling, individuals with ADHD can live very successful and fulfilling lives. Whether diagnosed in childhood and carried into adulthood or first diagnosed as an adult, individuals with ADHD can manage their symptoms and learn the skills necessary to vastly improve their daily lives and relationships, while achieving their personal goals.


  1. Bhandari, S., MD. (2018, July 12). Risks of Untreated ADHD. Retrieved October 18, 2018, from
  2. Kessler, E. (n.d.). Untreated ADHD: Lifelong Risks. Retrieved October 18, 2018, from

Adult ADHD: Signs and Symptoms

Every adult diagnosed with ADHD also had the condition as a child, but they may have never received a diagnosis or treatment.

Adult Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, or ADHD in adults, affects about five percent of adults in the United States. Adult ADHD does not develop late in life; ADHD typically develops by the age of twelve (and has been diagnosed in children as young as three). Every adult diagnosed with ADHD also had the condition as a child, but they may have never received a diagnosis or treatment. Some children outgrow ADHD as they enter adulthood, but the condition persists in about 60% of diagnosed children.

As it is in children, ADHD is a chronic neurodevelopmental condition which affects behavior, judgment, the ability to focus and the process of making decisions. In adulthood, ADHD can be detrimental to an individual’s ability to function well in society, succeed at work and maintain healthy relationships.

What Are the Signs and Symptoms of ADHD in Adults?

Most often the signs and symptoms of ADHD can be easily detected and diagnosed in children who not only display fairly obvious signs, but also are under the constant observation of their parents, teachers, coaches and other caregivers. Adult ADHD, however, often goes undiagnosed because, although it causes similar symptoms, it presents itself in more subtle ways and while fewer people are watching.

Signs of ADHD in adults include:

  • finding it difficult to follow directions
  • having trouble remembering information
  • inability to concentrate
  • difficulty organizing tasks
  • trouble meeting deadlines

Adults with ADHD also commonly experience:

  • anxiety and depression
  • relentless boredom
  • insomnia, difficulty sleeping and fatigue
  • chronic forgetfulness and tardiness
  • time management problems
  • incomplete projects
  • poor planning and organizational skills
  • mood swings and difficulty controlling anger
  • problems at work and in relationships
  • impulsiveness and rash decision making
  • impatience and a low tolerance for frustration
  • chronic procrastination and low motivation
  • low self-esteem
  • addiction and substance abuse problems

Adults with ADHD also often have driving records, including speeding tickets and distracted driving. Oftentimes they interrupt others during conversation and skip ahead to finish other people’s thoughts. In addition, while most adults know that it is not socially acceptable to fidget constantly and bounce off the walls, they still experience extreme feelings of restlessness when circumstances require that they sit still.

How Is Adult ADHD Diagnosed and Treated?

A thorough medical evaluation must take place before a doctor will officially diagnose an individual with ADHD. The diagnosis will include a complete physical examination, thorough discussion and evaluation of symptoms, blood tests and the ruling out of other potential conditions. Adults diagnosed with ADHD usually receive a combination of treatments and therapies, including:

  • stimulant medications
  • non-stimulant medications
  • cognitive behavioral therapy
  • relaxation, meditation and stress management training and techniques
  • counseling
  • marriage counseling
  • job coaching
  • life coaching

Adults with ADHD can improve organization and task completion with lists and schedules. They can improve concentration by reducing environmental distractions, and they can manage anxiety with deep breathing.

By recognizing their condition, adults can take a proactive approach to counteracting ADHD. Adults who receive a prescription for an ADHD medication should be sure to carefully follow the instructions for administration and not stop or change dosage without first consulting with a medical professional. With a combination of treatment, counseling and self-improvement, adults can overcome the challenges of living with ADHD to lead successful, fulfilling lives.

ADHD: Signs and Symptoms in Children

ADHD children

Children play, they dream and they sometimes behave inappropriately because they are children still learning how to interact and be responsible and respectable. Children are children, and thanks to that, ADHD in children can be difficult to recognize. The condition, however, can be seriously detrimental to a child’s learning and development without proper diagnosis and management. There are also symptoms of ADHD in adults.

Symptomatic Behaviors Characterize the Three Types of ADHD

ADHD causes three categories of behavioral signs and symptoms: inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity. Although all children can be impulsive, inattentive and display seemingly endless energy, these symptoms present themselves differently in children with ADHD. ADHD hinders a child’s ability to function normally in school, at home and with peers.

Signs of Inattention

Children with ADHD can sometimes focus on tasks or topics which they find interesting or entertaining, but they are unable to focus on tasks or topics which they deem boring or repetitive.

  • trouble focusing
  • easily distracted
  • difficulty completing tasks
  • appear not to listen
  • trouble remembering
  • do not follow instructions
  • make careless mistakes
  • have trouble organizing and planning ahead
  • misplace homework, books, toys and other items

Signs of Hyperactivity

Children naturally have lots of energy and are active, but those with ADHD are always moving. They jet between tasks and continue fidgeting when forced to sit still. Hyperactivity is the most easily and commonly recognized symptom of ADHD.

  • endless fidgeting, squirming, toe tapping etc.
  • difficulty resting, relaxing, calming down or playing quietly
  • often climb or run at inappropriate times or when instructed not to
  • excessive talking
  • sometimes have hot tempers

Signs of Impulsivity

By around the age of four or five, most children will learn to control certain impulses, which they recognize as inappropriate or not allowed. Children with ADHD, however, cannot control their impulsivity which can lead them to ask inappropriate or irrelevant questions, interrupt conversations and invade personal space.

  • act before or without thinking
  • guess, rather than solving problems
  • speak in class without being called on
  • interfere with other people’s conversations and activities without being invited
  • interrupt others
  • often say the wrong thing at the wrong time
  • difficulty controlling emotions leads to tantrums and outbursts

The Three Types of ADHD in Children

There are three types of ADHD in children which are categorized by the behavioral signs and symptoms the child displays, including:

  1. Predominantly Inattentive
  2. Predominantly Hyperactive and Impulsive (able to pay attention)
  3. Combined Inattention, Hyperactivity and Impulsivity

Since the three types of ADHD have different symptoms, it can make the condition difficult to recognize in children with the first type. Children who are predominantly inattentive sit quietly and are not disruptive, but they tend to daydream, rather than listen to instructions or pay attention to their surroundings.

Consistency: Key to Treating ADHD in Children

After a medical doctor makes a firm diagnosis of ADHD in a child, treatment will begin to help manage the condition and improve the child’s chances of succeeding at school, making lasting friendships and being more successful at home. Treatment usually includes medications, behavior therapy, support at school and at home, proper nutrition and lots of exercise. If a medication is prescribed, it is essential that the child takes the medication exactly as prescribed in order to stabilize behavior and achieve consistently positive results.